Things to do in Mojave Trails
The scenic lava flows of North America’s youngest volcano and a National Natural Landmark
The 550 million-year-old trilobite fossil beds of the Marble Mountains
Sleeping Beauty Valley
The last intact valley representing the West Mojave plant ecosystem
Mojave Trails boasts stunning springs of underground water, like diamonds in the rough, teaming with desert life, and shifting sand dunes that hum in the wind and are havens for kit foxes.
Mojave Trails National Monument was the epicenter of the largest military maneuvers training area in the world.
During World War II, the Desert Training Center, under the command of Major General George S. Patton, encompassed around 18,000 square miles – about 11.5 million acres – and trained over 1,000,000 troop for desert combat in North Africa.
U.S. Route 66 was one of the first of America’s early highways, from Chicago to Santa Monica.
Also known as America’s Mother Road and the Main Street of America, the stretch that runs through Mojave Trails National Monument is the longest undeveloped and pristine sections left of this piece of history. Its viewscape can be found no where else.
The Mojave River is perennial, which means it runs year-round and never dries up, unlike most water in the desert.
It is also the largest desert river in California. Afton Canyon, one of the crown jewels of Mojave Trails National Monument, is the only protected reach of the 110 mile long Mojave River.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What is a national monument?
A national monument is a designation given to an area of federal public land that contains unique scientific, cultural, natural and historical features, so that the area is protected for future generations. National monuments are all unique, and each is designed to protect the unique value of the area while allowing other compatible uses, such as outdoor recreation and ranching, to continue.
How is a national monument created?
A national monument can be established by either the president or Congress and can be managed by one of the following agencies: the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S Forest Service, National Park Service, or the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. This designation only applies to lands managed by the federal government and does not apply to private, state, county, city, or other local lands. It also does not affect rights held by water agencies, tribes, sanitation districts and land management agencies.
Since 1906, both Republican and Democratic presidents have used their authority to designate more than 100 national monuments including many of our most beloved public lands in California.
How would a national monument benefit the land and people?
Designating the Mojave Trails, Sand to Snow, and Castle Mountains as national monuments will:
- Safeguard the natural, historic, recreational and scenic features in several of the most spectacular lands in the California desert from industrial development;
- Ensure that these public lands remain open to traditional uses, outdoor recreation, hunting, and grazing;
- Provide opportunities for ongoing community involvement in the management planning process;
- Bring more prominent awareness and visitation, promoting tourism and economic opportunity in the surrounding communities.
Additionally, protecting public lands in the California desert has already brought noteworthy economic benefits to the region. Visitors to Death Valley and Joshua National Parks and the Mojave National Preserve contributed $165 million to the region’s economy in 2013, supporting nearly 2,000 jobs.
National monuments in the California desert will continue to be managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) as part of the National Conservation Lands. As part of this system of protected lands, monuments are managed for multiple uses, including outdoor recreation and conservation of natural, cultural, historical, and archeological resources. In addition, traditional rights, current and valid grazing and mining leases, and rights-of-way will be honored.
Was there local input in the effort to establish these national monuments?
Yes. The national monument proposals came in response to nearly a decade of work by local leaders on legislative efforts to protect the California desert. The permanent protection of these special places is supported by elected officials, business owners, veterans, local faith leaders, anglers, historians, conservationists and others.
Will community members have a say in how the national monuments are managed?
Yes. The public scoping and planning process is beginning in summer 2016. The community will be invited to participate in “pre-planning” before the formal process under federal guidelines has begun to help the agencies better understand the communities interests as early as possible. When the formal planning process begins, public input is required as the agencies like BLM create a draft of the management plans.
National monuments in the California desert will continue to be managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) as part of the National Conservation Lands. As part of this system of protected lands, monuments are managed for multiple uses, including outdoor recreation and conservation of natural, cultural, historical, and archeological resources. In addition, traditional rights, current and valid grazing and mining interests, and rights-of-way will be honored.